North Dakota https://mikeonline.ca/index.php/region_US_North_Dakota en November 33 and Oscar 0 https://mikeonline.ca/index.php/gallery_N33Oscar0 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">November 33 and Oscar 0</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/index.php/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Mike</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 11/18/2012 - 15:15</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-sep01 field--type-text field--label-hidden field__item"><hr /></div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p class="text-align-justify"><strong>History: </strong></p> <p class="text-align-justify">Located just outside Cooperstown, North Dakota, the Oscar 0 Missile Alert Facility was built in the 1965 and features a Launch Control Support building (LCSB) and a Launch Control Centre (LCC) 60 feet below.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">Oscar 0 was constructed as part of the Grand Forks AFB's 321 Missile Wing and could control as many as 50 remote Minuteman launch facilities. In addition, if required, Oscar 0 could assume control over the launch facilities assigned to other LCC's if they were disabled.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">The missileers, as they were called, worked 24-hour shifts, essentially locked into their underground vaults. Other support staff who remained on the surface included 4 security personnel, a flight security coordinator, a facility manager, and a chef.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">The START treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union, signed in 1991, called for the dismantling of a significant portion of both country's nuclear arsenal. Oscar 0 was closed down in 1997, as would the remainder of the 321 Missile Wing's operations from Grand Forks.</p> <hr /><p class="text-align-justify"><strong>Personal Commentary: </strong></p> <p class="text-align-justify">While on my way to the Oscar 0 launch facility, I accidentally passed the November 33 missile silo first. A quick stop revealed a deceptively featureless surface. While feeling a little disappointment at not being able to see more of it, I continued on to Oscar 0.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">Not unlike the missile silo, the launch facility looks, from the road, quite unimpressive. The interior of the main building is little more than a house for several men to live in. A well-furnished living room, dining room, well-equipped kitchen, and several bedrooms.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">It isn't until you get underground via slow elevator, that the truly impressive nature of this complex becomes apparent. I couldn't help but think of what it must have been like to lock yourself into this concrete tomb, waiting for the end of the world to come, and making a career of this. An unpleasant thought to say the least.</p> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-sep02 field--type-text field--label-hidden field__item"><hr /></div> <section class="field field--name-field-comment field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> <h2 class="title comment-form__title">Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=321&amp;2=field_comment&amp;3=comment" token="M-ndkvj-1LSnCs8hvACW-JLACvJpklgvezLe1nmNrpY"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> Sun, 18 Nov 2012 20:15:00 +0000 Mike 321 at https://mikeonline.ca https://mikeonline.ca/index.php/gallery_N33Oscar0#comments Fortuna AFS https://mikeonline.ca/index.php/gallery_Fortuna_AFS <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Fortuna AFS</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/index.php/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Mike</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sat, 11/10/2012 - 15:15</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-sep01 field--type-text field--label-hidden field__item"><hr /></div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p class="text-align-justify"><strong>History: </strong></p> <p class="text-align-justify">Opening in April, 1952, Fortuna AFS was home to the 780th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron. The station began operations with a <a href="/radar_FPS3" target="_blank">AN/FPS-3</a> search radar and two <a href="https://urbexobsession.com/radar_FPS4" target="_blank">AN/FPS-4</a> height-finders.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">In 1958, the <a href="/radar_FPS20" target="_blank">AN/FPS-20A</a> became the squadron's new search radar, and in 1960, two <a href="/radar_FPS6" target="_blank">AN/FPS-6</a> radars replaced the -4's as height-finders. In 1961, Fortuna became part of the <a href="/dictionary_SAGE">SAGE</a> system.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">In 1963, an <a href="/radar_FPS35" target="_blank">AN/FPS-35</a> was installed as the primary search radar, and one of the AN/FPS-6 height-finders was replaced with an AN/FPS-90.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">The following year, however, the height-finder was again replaced, this time with the <a href="/radar_FPS26" target="_blank">AN/FPS-26</a> to replace the remaining -6. That winter, a major storm would cause the antenna of the FPS-35 radar to topple. It was not until the following year that it was replaced by the antenna from Manassas AFS. Search functions were carried out by a temporary installation of an AN/FPS-64.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">In 1966, a Burroughs CSA-51 computer system was installed. Various other modifications and upgrades were carried out over the years, but with the reduction of the threat of bomber aircraft, many of these stations began closing.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">Fortuna AFS shut down operations in 1984.</p> <hr /><p class="text-align-justify"><strong>Personal Commentary:</strong> </p> <p class="text-align-justify">Coming around the corner, the open, barren landscape makes this place obvious to all who pass. The highest point in an otherwise flat state, the hills here have no vegetation save for a handful of smallish trees.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">The site has been largely gutted of anything that could be sold off for cash. Even plates of metal from the walls of the towers have been removed.</p> <p class="text-align-justify">The design and layout is quite familiar to anyone who has explored any radar site in North America. I was disappointed to not be able to get up the 35 tower. I have encountered only three so far, and not been able to climb any of them.</p> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-sep02 field--type-text field--label-hidden field__item"><hr /></div> <section class="field field--name-field-comment field--type-comment field--label-above comment-wrapper"> <h2 class="title comment-form__title">Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=311&amp;2=field_comment&amp;3=comment" token="PM7YG7mIOpamZbf31ohfJyL7S3M4bQ39dCIFPaTIcH8"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> Sat, 10 Nov 2012 20:15:00 +0000 Mike 311 at https://mikeonline.ca https://mikeonline.ca/index.php/gallery_Fortuna_AFS#comments